1. The fraction of pancreatic lipase in the total amount of serum lipase subtypes was statistically higher in patients with pancreatitis. 2. Although serum lipase subtype analysis cannot replace the standard lipase measurement for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, the test demonstrated adequate sensitivity for use in triage or as an add-on test for serum lipase elevation.
1. Angiodysplasias that were larger than 1 cm or located in a non-antral area (gastric body/fundus) would have a bleeding risk. 2. Clinically, upper gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplasias was more common in older patients. The transfusion requirement would be less and tendency of clinical recurrence might be apparent.
1. Patients treated with an on-label drug-eluting stent (DES) had better long-term clinical outcomes than those treated with an off-label DES. 2. Multivessel disease and diabetes were found to be independent risk factors of major adverse cardiac event in patients with an off-label indication.
1. The current smoking situation in North Korea was estimated with North Korean male defectors in South Korea. 2. The smoking rate in North Korean male defectors was 84.2% and higher than that previously thought. 3. However, interest in smoking cessation was high and nicotine dependence was less severe than expected.
1. Serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations were related to the activity and severity of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). 2. With anti-TB treatment, NSE and hs-CRP concentrations decreased significantly with serial improvement in follow-up chest radiographs. 3. Elevated serum NSE, at least, partially originates from macrophages in granulomatous lesions.
1. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was similar between patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. 2. Poor glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 9%) is associated with significantly elevated risk of subclinical hypothyroidism, especially in elderly women.