Background/Aims: To estimate the level of agreement and positivity rates of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) tests prior to the use of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in relation to underlying rheumatic diseases and endemic tuberculosis levels.
Methods: The Ovid-Medline, Embase, and Coch..
Background/Aims: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a value representing the heterogeneity in the size of red blood cell, and it is usually used in distinguishing types of anaemia. Recently, it was reported that it could reflect the burden of inflammation in diverse diseases and their progno..
Young Mo Kang, Young-Eun Park, Won Park, Jung-Yoon Choe, Chul-Soo Cho, Seung-Cheol Shim, Sang Cheol Bae, Chang-Hee Suh, Hoon-Suk Cha, Eun Mi Koh, Yeong-Wook Song, Bin Yoo, Shin-Seok Lee, Min-Chan Park, Sang-Heon Lee, Catherine Arendt, Willem Koetse, Soo-Kon Lee
Korean J Intern Med. 2018;33(6):1224-1233. Published online January 5, 2018
Background/Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of add-on therapy with certolizumab pegol (CZP) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of a single ethnicity.
Methods: In this 24-week, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, eligible p..
Background/Aims: The clinical manifestations of Behcet disease (BD) have been reported to differ according to country, region, and race. Gender, onset age, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B51 have also been known as the factors that influence the clinical features of BD. The aim of this study is t..
Background/Aims: To evaluate the impact of isoniazid (INH) treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) on the development of liver function test (LFT) abnormality and the persistence of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
Methods: We retrospectively ..
Background/Aims: Anti-C-reactive protein (CRP) antibody has been introduced as a potential biologic marker in Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of study is to evaluate the level of anti-CRP antibody in patients with SLE.
Methods: This study investigated the relationship between levels of..
Background/Aims: We performed this study to investigate associations between metabolic syndrome, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and gout.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 151 patients with gout at the Department of Rheumatology in Korea University Ansan Hospital. The following measures we..
Background/Aims: For patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), golimumab has consistent efficacy in controlling disease activity over 5 years but its benefit in preventing radiographic progression was less clear at 4 years. To predict radiographic progression, we analyzed the baseline characteristi..
Background/Aims: Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) has been reported to have a beneficial effect on regulating inf lammation. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of GSPE remains unclear. The aim of this study was to verify the influence of GSPE on the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediat..
Background/Aims: To evaluate drug survival of the tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) and risk factors for the drug discontinuation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 487 AS patients at a single tertiary hospital. Among the TNFi users, drug s..
Background/Aims: To define the effect of statins on interleukin 1β (IL-1β)-induced osteoclastogenesis and elucidate the underlying mechanisms.
Methods: Bone marrow cells were obtained from 5-week-old male ICR (Institute for Cancer Research) mice, and they were cultured to differentiate them into ..
Background/Aims: To investigate medication nonadherence in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and analyze related factors.
Methods: A total of 292 patients with RA participated in this study. Medication nonadherence, intentional or unintentional, was gauged via self-reported questionnai..
Background/Aims: To investigate the drug survival rate of tacrolimus (TAC) and analyze the potential predictors of this rate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in routine care.
Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, we enrolled 102 RA patients treated with TAC from April 2009 to..
Background/Aims: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection has been increasing worldwide in both general population and immunocompromised patients, which has also been reported in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. This study aimed to identify the incidence and clinical characteristics of NTM inf..
Background/Aims: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) has been suggested as a reliable imaging technique for monitoring of disease activity in patients with adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD). Therefore, we investigated the ..
Although debate on the concept of fibromyalgia (FM) has been vigorous ever since the classification criteria were first published, FM is now better understood and has become recognized as a disorder. Recently, FM has come to be considered a major health problem, affecting 1% to 5% of the general pop..
Background/Aims: In some Western countries, up to 50% of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have subclinical gut inflammation. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and severity of gut inflammation and to determine clinical factors associated with colonic inflammation in Korean ..
Dam Kim, Chan-Bum Choi, Jiyoung Lee, Soo-Kyung Cho, Soyoung Won, So-Young Bang, Hoon-Suk Cha, Jung-Yoon Choe, Won Tae Chung, Seung-Jae Hong, Jae-Bum Jun, Young Ok Jung, Jinseok Kim, Seong-Kyu Kim, Tae-Hwan Kim, Tae-Jong Kim, Eunmi Koh, Hye-Soon Lee, Jaejoon Lee, Jisoo Lee, Sang-Heon Lee, Shin-Seok Lee, Sung Won Lee, Seung-Cheol Shim, Dae-Hyun Yoo, Bo Young Yoon, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Sang-Cheol Bae; KORONA investigators
Korean J Intern Med. 2017;32(4):738-746. Published online September 13, 2016
Background/Aims: To determine whether early diagnosis is beneficial for functional status of various disease durations in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
Methods: A total of 4,540 RA patients were enrolled as part of the Korean Observational Study Network for Arthritis (KORONA). We defined earl..
Background/Aims: Biological agents (biologics) targeting proinflammatory signaling have emerged as an important treatment option in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Despite the clinical effectiveness of biologics for patients with RA who do not respond to ‘traditional’ disease-modifying anti-rheumatic ..
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with diverse manifestations, and its pathogenesis is unclear and complicated. Infection and SLE are similar in that they both cause inf lammatory reactions in the immune system; however, one functions to protect the body, whereas the..