The populations of Asian countries are expected to age rapidly in the near future, with a dramatic increase in the number of heart failure (HF) patients also anticipated. The need for palliative and end-of-life care for elderly patients with advanced HF is currently recognized in aging societies. Ho..
Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) is a class G immunoglobulin and a conventional marker for thyroid autoimmunity. From a clinical perspective, TgAb is less useful than thyroid peroxidase antibodies for predicting thyroid dysfunction. However, TgAb is found more frequently in differentiated thyroid cance..
Neuropathic cancer pain (NCP) is caused by nerve damage attributable to the cancer per se, and/or treatments including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery; the prevalence is reported to be as high as 40%. The etiologies of NCP include direct nerve invasion or nerve compression by the cancer, neu..
Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacterium that can cause serious, potentially fatal infections. V. vulnificus causes three distinct syndromes: an overwhelming primary septicemia caused by consuming contaminated seafood, wound infections acquired when an open wound is exposed to contaminated war..
Background/Aims: There has been no evidence for the necessity of endoscopy in asymptomatic young men with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). To determine whether endoscopy should be recommended in asymptomatic young men with IDA, we compared the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) lesions between young m..
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate parameters that predict radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) following stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to identify the clinical significance of RILD.
Methods: We retrospectively rev..
Background/Aims: Several epidemiological studies have validated the association of interleukin gene polymorphisms with acute pancreatitis (AP) in different populations. However, there have been few studies in Asian ethnic groups. We aimed to investigate the relationships between inflammatory cytoki..
Inna Kim, Min Chul Kim, Keun Ho Park, Doo Sun Sim, Young Joon Hong, Ju Han Kim, Myung Ho Jeong, Jeong Gwan Cho, Jong Chun Park, Myeong Chan Cho, Jong Jin Kim, Young Jo Kim, Youngkeun Ahn; the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry Investigators
Korean J Intern Med. 2018;33(6):1111-1118. Published online November 10, 2017
Background/Aims: Chest pain is an essential symptom in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). One-third of patients with ACS present atypically, which can influence their receiving timely lifesaving therapy.
Methods: A total of 617 NSTEMI patients from the Korea Acute MI Registry (KAMIR) ..
Background/Aims: In multicenter clinical trials, laboratory tests are performed in the laboratory of each center, mostly using different measuring methodologies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate coefficients of variation (CVs) of laboratory results produced by various measuring methods and ..
Background/Aims: Vitamin D modulates innate and adaptive immune responses, and vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients with pneumonia. We evaluated the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Korean patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) a..
Background/Aims: This study tested the hypothesis that prolonged low-dose cyclophosphamide (CTX) treatment after pulse therapy attenuate paraquat (PQ)-induced lung injury in rats.
Methods: PQ (25 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to induce PQ-intoxicated rat model. The rats were randomly di..
Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in Korean women with type 2 diabetes and nondiabetic controls.
Methods: We performed a retrospective survey of 200 pregnancies in women with type 2 diabetes (n = 100) and nondiabetic controls (n = 100) who deli..
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the number of existing permanent teeth and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of the elderly Korean population.
Methods: A total of 2,519 subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nut..
Background/Aims: The Republic of Korea is a country where the hemodialysis population is growing rapidly. It is believed that the numbers of treatments related to vascular access-related complications are also increasing. This study investigated the current status of treatment and medical expenses f..
Background/Aims: Data on dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin (DHAP) as a mobilization regimen, compared to high-dose cyclophosphamide (HDC), for up-front autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) is limited.
Methods: Consecutive patients with aggressive NHL ..
Background/Aims: Elderly patients (≥ 80 years) with colorectal cancer (CRC) tend to avoid active treatment at the time of diagnosis despite of recent advances in treatment. The aim of this study was to determine treatment propensity of elderly patients aged ≥ 80 years with CRC in clinical practice ..
Sang Kyun Sohn, Joon Ho Moon, In Hee Lee, Jae Sook Ahn, Hyeoung Joon Kim, Joo Seop Chung, Ho Jin Shin, Sung Woo Park, Won Sik Lee, Sang Min Lee, Hawk Kim, Ho Sup Lee, Yang Soo Kim, Yoon Young Cho, Sung Hwa Bae, Ji Hyun Lee, Sung Hyun Kim, Ik Chan Song, Ji Hyun Kwon, Yoo Jin Lee
Korean J Intern Med. 2018;33(6):1194-1202. Published online December 15, 2017
Background/Aims: This study evaluated the role of hypomethylating agents (HMA) compared to best supportive care (BSC) for patients with high or very-high (H/VH) risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) according to the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System.
Methods: A total of 279 H/VH risk MD..
Background/Aims: Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an appreciably harmful or unpleasant reaction, resulting from an intervention related to the use of a medicinal product. The present study was conducted in order to monitor the frequency and severity of ADR during antimicrobial therapy of septicemia.
Background/Aims: The co-occurrence of obesity aggravates asthma symptoms. Diet-induced obesity increases helper T cell (TH) 17 cell differentiation in adipose tissue and the spleen. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor pravastatin can potentially be used to treat asthma in o..
Young Mo Kang, Young-Eun Park, Won Park, Jung-Yoon Choe, Chul-Soo Cho, Seung-Cheol Shim, Sang Cheol Bae, Chang-Hee Suh, Hoon-Suk Cha, Eun Mi Koh, Yeong-Wook Song, Bin Yoo, Shin-Seok Lee, Min-Chan Park, Sang-Heon Lee, Catherine Arendt, Willem Koetse, Soo-Kon Lee
Korean J Intern Med. 2018;33(6):1224-1233. Published online January 5, 2018
Background/Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of add-on therapy with certolizumab pegol (CZP) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of a single ethnicity.
Methods: In this 24-week, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, eligible p..
Background/Aims: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a value representing the heterogeneity in the size of red blood cell, and it is usually used in distinguishing types of anaemia. Recently, it was reported that it could reflect the burden of inflammation in diverse diseases and their progno..
Background/Aims: To estimate the level of agreement and positivity rates of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) tests prior to the use of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in relation to underlying rheumatic diseases and endemic tuberculosis levels.
Methods: The Ovid-Medline, Embase, and Coch..