Successful treatment of tracheoesophageal fistula using a covered esophageal stent

Article information

Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(5):1165-1166
Publication date (electronic) : 2018 May 16
doi : https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2017.347
Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to Jung Hun Kim, M.D. Tel: +82-2-2030-7490 Fax: +82-2-2030-7748 E-mail: jhkim0628@gmail.com
Received 2017 October 11; Revised 2018 February 12; Accepted 2018 February 14.

We report herein a case of superficial esophageal cancer not eligible for endoscopic submucosal dissection. This patient developed a tracheo-esophageal fistula after radiation therapy followed by photodynamic therapy (PDT).

A 74-year-old male underwent total gastrectomy due to advanced gastric cancer in 2014. In 2017, a flat discolored lesion encircling the lumen at 30 to 35 cm from the incisors was found by gastroscopy. Lugol’s solution showed an unstained mucosal lesion (Fig. 1A). Radiotherapy was performed at a different hospital, because the patient did not consent to surgery. Follow-up gastroscopy showed squamous cancer at the radiotherapy site. The patient was transferred to our hospital for PDT, which was performed four times using a 2-cm light diffuser and 160 J/cm. The duration of light exposure was 440 seconds each time (Fig. 1B).

Figure 1.

(A) Staining with Lugol’s solution. (B) Post-photodynamic therapy image.

A follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy at 1 day after PDT showed esophageal swelling and spontaneous bleeding at the PDT site. One month later, gastroscopy showed necrotic material and luminal narrowing at the PDT site. Two months after PDT, the patient visited another hospital because of dyspnea; he was transferred to our hospital because of pneumonia and a tracheoesophageal fistula. Gastroscopy revealed a tracheoesophageal fistula at the PDT site, which was covered using a metal stent (Fig. 2A). One month later, the tracheoesophageal fistula was sealed by the stent (Fig. 2B). At the time of writing 6 months later, the patient is well with no other complications.

Figure 2.

(A) Endoscopic view of the transesophageal fistula. A fully covered metal esophageal stent was inserted on June 30. (B) Bronchoscopic view of the transesophageal fistula in the distal trachea. The membrane of the stent is intact.

In summary, we treated a tracheoesophageal fistula that developed after PDT by insertion of a covered esophageal stent.

Written informed consents were obtained.

Notes

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

Article information Continued

Figure 1.

(A) Staining with Lugol’s solution. (B) Post-photodynamic therapy image.

Figure 2.

(A) Endoscopic view of the transesophageal fistula. A fully covered metal esophageal stent was inserted on June 30. (B) Bronchoscopic view of the transesophageal fistula in the distal trachea. The membrane of the stent is intact.