Pulmonary fibrosis is a fatal progressive disease with no effective therapy. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-b1 has long been regarded as a central mediator of tissue fibrosis that involves multiple organs including skin, liver, kidney, and lung. Thus, TGF-b1 and its signaling pathways have been at..
Aging is associated with progressive functional deterioration and structural changes in the kidney. Changes in the activity or responsiveness of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) occur with aging. RAS changes predispose the elderly to various fluid and electrolyte imbalances as well as acute kidney..
Background/Aims: The Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in South Korea have been organizing hepatitis B virus (HBV) vertical infection prevention projects since July 2002. In this single-institute study, the results of surveys conducted in ..
Background/Aims: This meta-analysis compared the effects of amlodipine besylate, a charged dihydropyridine-type calcium channel blocker (CCB), with other non-CCB antihypertensive therapies regarding the cardiovascular outcome. Methods: Data from seven long-term outcome trials compa..
Background/Aims: Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) of the thyroid are relatively uncommon thyroid malignancies in iodine- sufficient areas. In this study we evaluated the clinical behavior, prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of FTC and HCC in Korea.
Background/Aims: β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) is freely filtered at the glomerulus and subsequently reabsorbed and catabolized by proximal renal tubular cells. Urinary β2-MG is an early and sensitive biomarker of acute kidney injury; however, its utility as a bio..
Background/Aims: We analyzed chronological changes in hemoglobin according to renal function changes over a 5-year follow-up period. Methods: We enrolled 5,266 adults with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at an initial examination at a routine heal..
Seong Jun Lee, Cheol Won Suh, Soon Il Lee, Won Seog Kim, Won Sik Lee, Hyo Jung Kim, Chul Won Choi, Jin Seok Kim, Jin Seok Kim, Ho-Jin Shin, Ho-Jin Shin, The Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma , The Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma
Korean J Intern Med. 2014;29(3):352-360. Published online April 29, 2014
Background/Aims: In Asia, the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has increased in recent decades. Waldeyer’s ring (WR) is the most common site of NHL involving the head and neck. In this study, the pathological distribution of WR-NHL and its clinical features were analyzed retrospectiv..
Background/Aims: To investigate the rate of detection of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients with acute gouty arthritis and factors associated with false-negative results. Methods: A total of 179 patients with acute gouty arthritis who had undergo..
Various adverse events have been reported during combination therapy with pegylated (PEG)-interferon-α and ribavirin, although opportunistic infections, especially cryptococcal meningitis, are very rare. A 61-year-old woman complained of headaches and a fever during treatment of a chronic hepatiti..
Gangliocytic paragangliomas (GPs) are rare tumors of the duodenum, presenting as single sessile or pedunculated polypoid masses. Clinical manifestations of duodenal GPs can vary from an incidental finding at endoscopy to frequent upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by mucosal ulceration and abdom..
Acute esophageal necrosis is uncommon in the literature. Its etiology is unknown, although cardiovascular disease, hemodynamic compromise, gastric outlet obstruction, alcohol ingestion, hypoxemia, hypercoagulable state, infection, and trauma have all been suggested as possible causes. A 67-year-old ..
We report a rare case of distant subcutaneous parathyroid carcinoma recurrence. A 50‑year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of sustained hypercalcemia despite surgical removal of a parathyroid carcinoma. A focal uptake in the upper mediastinal area was detected in a 99mTc-s..