Achalasia was first described in the 17th century and its treatment continues to be challenging. Palliative treatment involves disruption of the lower esophageal sphincter, which can be accomplished mechanically (balloon dilation or surgical myotomy) or chemically (Botox). True surgical treatment or..
The prevalence rates of hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are increasing with the aging of the population. Hypertension and CKD are closely related, and hypertension with accompanying CKD is difficult to control. This difficulty controlling blood pressure (BP) can be explained by changes..
The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has increased. CRC is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths in Korea. Palliative chemotherapy can be used to shrink tumors and ease symptoms caused by the cancer when cure is not possible. It is important to id..
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized anticancer therapy due to their long-term clinical benefits and immune boosting mechanisms. However, despite their consistent therapeutic effects, the use of ICIs is associated with a spectrum of adverse events due to their autoimmune and auto-..
Background/Aims: The Internet is the main resource for health-related information. The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rapidly increasing in Asian countries. However, the quality of websites for IBD available in this region has not been evaluated. We aimed to evaluate the quality of the..
Min Young Baek, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Soung Won Jeong, Jae Young Jang, Yong Kwon Kim, Shin Ok Jeong, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Sang-Woo Cha, Young Seok Kim, Young Deok Cho, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Yong Jae Kim, Su Yeon Park
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(6):1223-1232. Published online October 26, 2018
Background/Aims: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is performed for single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that are not eligible for surgery or ablation therapy. We investigated the clinical outcomes of patients with a single HCC ≤ 5 cm treated with TACE.
Methods: This study analyzed 175 conse..
Background/Aims: Non-selective β-blockers (NSBBs) are used for primary prevention of esophageal variceal hemorrhage (VH) in patients with portal hypertension, but a significant number of patients develop VH while on NSBB therapy. In this study, we sought to determine whether liver volume can predi..
Background/Aims: A reproducible, endoscope-based, large animal model, of acute pancreatitis was developed to meet the need for a suitable means of preclinically testing treatments. The aim of this study was to develop an endoscope-based animal model of acute pancreatitis.
Methods: This experimental..
Background/Aims: Efficacy and safety data of alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), is not yet well established in the Korean population. We assessed them in ODYSSEY-KT through the pre-specified Korean subanalysis.
Methods: In the ODY..
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate useful cardiac biomarkers in the differential diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (APE) with troponin elevation from acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods: A total of 771 consecutive NSTEMI patients with D-dimer mea..
Background/Aims: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of mortality in the world. There are no population-based studies on longterm mortality in COPD patients in Korea.
Methods: Using the large, population-based, National Health Insurance Service- National Sample Cohort (NHI..
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate the effect of lutein on methotrexate (MTX)-induced pulmonary toxicity in rats biochemically and histopathologically.
Methods: The rats in the MTX + lutein (MTXL, n = 6) group were given 1 mg/kg of lutein orally. A 0.9% NaCl solution was administered ..
Background/Aims: Lymphocytic thyroiditis as cytology diagnosis from fine needle aspiration (FNA) is frequently detected in patients with thyroid nodules. However, the clinical outcome for upcoming hypothyroid events has been rarely clarified in euthyroid patients.
Methods: We retrospectively review..
Background/Aims: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a self-limiting infectious disease, but 1% of subjects develop fulminant hepatitis. The prevalence of the anti-HAV immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in hemodialysis subjects in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the ..
Background/Aims: Maintaining the patency of vascular access (VA) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is important and can be life-saving. We investigated the effects of aspirin resistance and mean platelet volume (MPV) on VA failure in HD patients.
Methods: We enrolled 163 patients on maintenance HD. VA ..
Shin Hye Yoo, Chan-Young Ock, Bhumsuk Keam, Sung Joon Park, Tae Min Kim, Jin Ho Kim, Yoon Kyung Jeon, Eun-Jae Chung, Seong Keun Kwon, J. Hun Hah, Tack-Kyun Kwon, Kyeong Chun Jung, Dong-Wan Kim, Hong-Gyun Wu, Myung-Whun Sung, Dae Seog Heo
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(6):1313-1323. Published online November 16, 2018
Background/Aims: Since patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have favorable outcomes after treatment, treatment de-escalation for these patients is being actively investigated. However, not all HPV-positive HNSCCs are curable, and some pati..
Background/Aims: The occurrence of brain metastasis (BM) has increased due to improved overall survival (OS) in uterine cervical cancer. However, research about prognostic factors and therapeutic guidelines for BM in uterine cervical cancer remains scarce due to the rarity of BM in this type of canc..
Background/Aims: Bortezomib plus melphalan-prednisone (VMP) is a standard treatment for multiple myeloma, particularly for patients who are ineligible for high-dose therapy. However, early discontinuation or treatment modification is often needed owing to adverse events. The aim of this study was to..
Background/Aims: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent in hospitals, and has recently emerged in the community. The impact of methicillin-resistance on mortality and medical costs for patients with S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) requires reevaluation.
Background/Aims: Depression and allergic diseases, including asthma, are frequently reported as comorbid conditions. However, their associations have been rarely examined in community-based elderly populations.
Methods: The analyses were performed using the baseline data set of the Korean Longitudi..
Hyun-Sook Kim, Hae-Rim Kim, Bo Young Kim, Yun Sung Kim, Young Ok Jung, Sung Jae Choi, Hyun-Ok Kim, Jiwon Hwang, Sunggun Lee, Hyoun-Ah Kim, So Young Bang, Ji-Young Chai, Sung-Hoon Park, Chong-Hyeon Yoon
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(6):1372-1380. Published online May 4, 2018
Background/Aims: To define standard reference values for musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in Korea.
Methods: A total of 251 healthy adults were recruited for this study. Ultrasonography was performed by experienced rheumatologists who had undergone four appropriate training programs in Korea..
Background/aims: To examine the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis or tooth loss.
Methods: The study used data from the fifth and sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2010 to 2015. RA was defined as participant-reported physician-..