Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is a global health problem of considerable socioeconomic burden. It is projected to worsen with the aging population worldwide. The lack of effective therapies underscores our incomplete understanding of this complex heterogeneous syndrome. A no..
A worsening scenario of drug-resistant tuberculosis has increased the need for new treatment strategies to tackle this worldwide emergency. There is a pressing need to simplify and shorten the current 6-month treatment regimen for drug-susceptible tuberculosis. Rifamycins and fluoroquinolones, as we..
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is recommended for the management of various gastric diseases, including peptic ulcers and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Because of the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance, the eradication rates of antibiotic-based therapies have dec..
Background/Aims: To evaluate a new monoclonal antibody for Helicobacter pylori urease in gastric tissue.
Methods: A total of 107 volunteers were enrolled. All subjects underwent a 13C-urea breath test and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Gastric aspirates were analyzed for pH and ammon..
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of α-fetoprotein (AFP) as a diagnostic tool for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Korean patients.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of HCC and cirrhosis patients at three hospitals. For each HCC patient..
Background/Aims: Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical emergency that can be life threatening. This study evaluated predictive factors of 30-day mortality in patients with this condition.
Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a single hospita..
Background/Aims: We investigated the time of onset of antituberculous drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ADIH) and related characteristics.
Methods: Adult patients (n = 1,031) treated with first-line antituberculous drugs between February 2009 and January 2013 were enrolled.
Results: Of the 1,031 pati..
Background/Aims: The CHADS2 score, used to predict the risk of ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, has been reported recently to predict ischemic stroke in patients with coronary heart disease, regardless of the presence of AF. However, little data are available regardin..
Background/Aims: Post-extubation respiratory failure (PERF) is associated with poor clinica l outcomes. High-f low nasa l cannula (HF NC) ox ygen therapy has been used in patients with respiratory failure, but the clinical benefit in patients with PERF remains unclear. The aim of this study was to e..
Background/Aims: Asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and remodeling. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors have been reported to regulate inflammatory responses in many cells. In this study, we examined the effects of intranasal rosiglitazone on airway remodeli..
Background/Aims: This study evaluated the relationship between thyroid nodules and metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in apparently healthy Koreans.
Methods: We reviewed the records of 3,298 subjects with no noticeable symptoms who underwent thyroid ultrasound imaging as part of a routine c..
Jong-Hak Lee, Sun-Hee Park, Jeong-Hoon Lim, Young-Jae Park, Sang Un Kim, Kyung-Hee Lee, Kyung-Hoon Kim, Seung Chan Park, Hee-Yeon Jung, Owen Kwon, Ji-Young Choi, Jang-Hee Cho, Chan-Duck Kim, Yong-Lim Kim
Korean J Intern Med. 2016;31(1):106-115. Published online December 28, 2015
Background/Aims: This study analyzed the risk factors for technique survival in dialysis patients and compared technique survival rates between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) in a prospective cohort of Korean patients.
Methods: A total of 1,042 patients undergoing dialysis from Sept..
Background/Aims: We investigated whether angiotensin III (Ang III) is involved in monocyte recruitment through regulation of the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in cultured human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells).
Methods: We measured MCP-1 levels in HK-2 cells tha..
Background/Aims: It has been suggested that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and is associated with increased mortality among patients infected with C. difficile. However, recent studies of the clinical impact of CKD on CDI in Asia..
Background/Aims: The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic roles of treatment response and tissue necrosis after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced rectal cancer.
Methods: A total of 243 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent neoadjuvant CRT were included..
Background/Aims: Efforts to decrease the use of extended-spectrum cephalosporins are required to prevent the selection and transmission of multi-drug resistant pathogens, such as extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. The objectives of this study were to assess the clinic..
Background/Aims: The number of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) is increasing. In an outpatient setting, there are limited therapeutic options to treat ESBL-producing pathogens. We evaluated the outcomes of amikacin..
Background/Aims: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a major complication after radical neck dissection (RND) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). We investigated the incidence, risk factors, and etiology of SSI among patients who underwent RND.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was perfor..
Background/Aims: We prepared a cross-cultural adaptation of the Behcet’s Syndrome Activity Scale (BSAS) and evaluated its reliability and validity in Korea.
Methods: Fifty patients with Behcet’s disease (BD) who attended the Rheumatology Clinic of Gachon University Gil Medical Center were include..