Many women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) exhibit insulin resistance. Adipose tissue plays an important role in insulin resistance, and adipokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and adiponectin are altered in PCOS. Insulin-like growth factor bin..
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is intimately related to insulin resistance and ranges from a benign course to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. NAFLD management mainly involves dietary modification and weight loss. Although no fully successful pharmacologi..
β-Cell apoptosis caused by increased endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is an important pathogenic component of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In theory, sulfonylureas, used for the treatment of diabetes, can contribute to ER stress. We assessed changes in ER stress ..
The aim was to compare the insulin sensitivity and secretion index of pregnant Korean women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT; only one abnormal value according to the Carpenter and Coustan criteria), and gestation..
To compare the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and magnitude of insulin resistance, measured by the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), between South Korean women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy subjects, and to evalua..
We investigated the associations among body mass index (BMI), insulin resistance, and β-cell function in Korean patients newly presenting with type 2 diabetes.
In total, 132 patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitu..
The objective of this study was to determine whether insulin resistance is associated with gallbladder stone formation in Korean women based on menopausal status.
The study included 4,125 consecutive Korean subjects (30-79 ..
Based on the results of well designed clinical studies, intensive insulin therapy has been established to improve glycemic control in newly diagnosed diabetes. However, discrepancies exist between the findings of clinical trials and experiences in general pract..
Insulin resistance is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes caused by the inability of insulin-target tissues to respond properly to insulin, and contributes to the morbidity of obesity. Insulin action involves a series of signaling cascades initiated by insulin binding to its recept..
Although increased serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations are commonly encountered in patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), the clinical value of SUA has not been established.
The study group comprised..
This study examined whether defects in insulin secretion contribute to the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Plasma insulin and glucose were measured after a glucose tolerance tes..
We investigated whether the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was related to the degree of the anemia in predialytic patients with renal failure and what was the most relevant factor for anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from DM (DM-CKD).